It’s hard to stay on the road in regards to Old Testament law. We tend to veer off into one of two ditches. The first is legalism.
Why the Legalism Ditch is So Inviting
Let’s be honest; most of us just naturally tend toward some sort of legalism because it feels safe. If I have really clearly delineated dos and don’ts, it gives me a sense of comfort to follow the dos and don’t do the don’ts. An easy example of this is the command, “Don’t take the name of the Lord your God in vain.” In the intertestamental period, the Jews said, “Hey, if I never take the name Yahweh at all, I’ll never have to worry about taking it in vain.”
It’s this kind of legalism that develops when we put a hedge around the law to ensure that we don’t break it. The tendency is to go beyond the actual intents of the laws and put extra dos and don’ts in our lives. This tendency toward legalism is a very common thing and it can get in the way of a proper understanding of God’s grace.
Or We Could Just Reject it All
The opposite extreme of legalism is what in Church history is called Marcionism. It’s the idea that the Old Testament is completely irrelevant. That was for them and now that we are Christians the Old Testament no longer applies. It’s basically an outright rejection of anything in the Old Testament including the law.
I have to be honest and say that even though most of us say that all Scripture is super important, we act as though it’s not. Frankly, the Old Testament is tougher to get into. It’s easier to read to read a letter from Paul—say Paul’s letter to the Philippians—and apply that to our lives than it is to dig in to something like Exodus 21-23. There’s a bigger cultural barrier, and that sort of makes us into pragmatic Marcionists—pragmatically ignoring the legal sections of scripture.
This is a problem because honestly, God calls all sections of Scripture useful and profitable and all of those sections of Scripture reveal something about who God is that I think is quite important.
Let’s start by being honest about which ditch we’re in and challenge each other to try to live with balance in regard to the law.